District Profile

Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S.N. Farming system/enterprise
1 Agriculture+ Animal Husbandry
2 Agriculture+ Horticulture+ Animal Husbandry

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

S.N. Agro-Climatic Zone Characteristics
1 Semi-arid Zone- IV of U.P.

Agra district is situated in South-West semi-arid zone of UP. It is located at altitude of 27.20 North and longitude of 77.90 easts. River Chambal makes the southern boundary of district and flows from West to East separating district Bhind (M.P) In the North Agra is bounded by districts of Firozabad and Etawah.

The average rainfall (annual) of the district is 750 mm. Temperature varies from 40C (During December-January) to 480C (During May-June) respectively. The district is comprised of six thesils, 15 blocks and 904 villages. The total reported population is 3.62 million with density of 899/ km2 and literacy of 62.60%. The total reported area of the district is 398460 ha, out of which net sown area is 285496 ha and irrigated area is 235063 ha with cropping intensity of 139.51%.

The soils of the district are loam sandy loam ravines and wasteland. The fertility status of the soil is poor to very poor.

The major crops of the district are Bajra (115736 ha with the productivity of 16.68q/ha), Rice (5215 ha, with the productivity of 21.59 q/ha), Sorghum (4289 ha with the productivity of 7.55q/ha), Arhar (827 ha with the productivity of 6.95q/ha), Urd (179 ha with the productivity of 6.37 q/ha), Til (1885 ha with the productivity of 1.98 q/ha), in kahrif. In Rabi major crops are grown wheat (140427 ha with the productivity of 37.03 q/ha), Mustard (52639 ha with the productivity of 17.41q/ha), Potato (56303 ha with the productivity of 263.77 q/ha), Barley (7058 ha with the productivity of 32.98q/ha), Gram (1281 ha with the productivity of 18.57q/ha) and other vegetables. The total consumption of NPK (90.53, 37.34 and 5.09 kg/ha) was 132.95 kg/ha.

As per livestock census 2003 Agra district have160929 cattle, 710522 buffaloes, 72296 sheep, 250990 goats, 41855 pig and 61317 poultry. The district also has 641ponds covering 359 ha of land.


Soil Types

S.N. Soil Type Area in (ha) Area (%)
1 Sandy Soil 49741 13.22
2 Sandy Soil 169532 45.07
3 Erosion Soil 17940 4.77
4 Micronutrient Deficiency 7800 20.74
5 Others 60924 16.20

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Q) Productivity (Q/ha)
1 Paddy 5215 112590 21.59
2 Wheat 140427 5199640 37.03
3 Barley 7058 232750 32.98
4 Jwar 103 1010 9.74
5 Bajra 115736 2046640 16.68
6 Maize 129 2220 17.21
7 Urd 179 1140 6.37
8 Moong 255 1700 6.67
9 Lentil 581 10500 18.07
10 Gram 1281 23790 18.57
11 Pea 82 1840 22.46
12 Arhar 827 5750 6.95
13 Mustard 52639 916480 17.41
14 Til 1885 3730 1.98
15 Potato 56303 14851040 263.77
16 Cotton 370 990 2.67

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle 160929 NA NA
Crossbred
Indigenous
26070
134859
NA
NA
NA
NA
Buffalo 710522 NA NA
Sheep 72296 NA NA
Crossbred
Indigenous
614
71682
NA
NA
NA
NA
Goats 250990 NA NA
Pigs 41885 NA NA
Crossbred
Indigenous
2982
389025
NA
NA
NA
NA
Poultry 61317 NA NA
Hens
Ducks
NA
662
NA
NA
NA
NA
Fish 359 ha. NA NA